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Sep 18, 2005 - Antofagasta

after a 6 hours busride along the coast I got to Antofagasta, founded in 1870. The city earned its importance by offering the easiest route to the nitrate mines of the interior. War of the Pacific also known as the Chile-Peruvian War, the War of the Pacific (1879-84) began after Bolivia prohibited a Chilean company from exploiting the nitrate deposits in the then-Bolivian-owned Atacama. Chile retaliated by taking over the port of Antofagasta, which was also then part of Bolivia, and declared war on Peru, Bolivia's ally. By the end of 1874,...

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