The Capper Nomads Europe Adventure travel blog

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


Today we visited the beautiful town of Rothenburg ob der Tauber.

The small town sits high on a plateau above the River Tauber. Its name means"Red fortress above the Tauber". Since around 1000 AD this area saw over the years the development of a castle and significant fortifications on the plateau above the river which formed the foundation of the town. At one time Rothenburg was a free imperial city of the Holy Roman Empire, reaching its apex of prosperity in the 15th century with a large population of 6,000 - much larger than Frankfurt and Munich at that time.

Today it is known for its preserved late medieval and Renaissance buildings along with its town walls which give views across the surrounding countryside and the old town. However many of the buildings in the town were damaged badly during the WWII but were reconstructed after the war.

We started our exploration at the southern tip of the old town at the Spitalbastei. This was an impressive defensive complex which was built in the 17th century and it was fun to explore the various walkways enclosed within its walls. Walking further into the old town we passed the much photographed Plonlein an informal intersection of streets.

The Marketplatz was busy dominated by the Rathaus (currently having a refurb) which was built between 1572 and 1578 and surrounded by other Renaissance buildings. We gave a miss to climbing the Rathaustrum a tower rising high above the town. However we walked to the Burggarten which is now a park on the former site of Rothenberg’s fortress destroyed by an earthquake in 1356. As well as a pretty garden we got great views across the surrounding countryside and the towns walls. There were two interesting memorials in the garden. The first was a memorial to the dead of the two world wars situated in the old castle chapel with original wall murals. The second just outside the old chapel was a memorial to the 450 Jewish adults and children killed and burned by their Christian neighbours in the former imperial castle in July 1298.

After exploring the towns many streets we then decided to walk part of the old wall which was very similar in construction to Nordlingen town walls, back to the car. Rothenburg had been a lovely town to visit.



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